Morton’s Toe

History 

The name derives from American orthopedic surgeon Dudley Joy Morton (1884–1960), who originally described it as part of Morton’s triad (a.k.a. Morton’s syndrome or Morton’s foot syndrome) a congenital short first metatarsal bone, a hypermobile first metatarsal segment, and calluses under the second and third metatarsals ; a common cause of foot pain.

 Cause 

The opinion is that heredity is the major causes for having foot problems. When someone says that you look like your mum or dad, bear in mind that the resemblances can also extend to how your feet look and act. It is not unusual  to examine three generations of one family only to see the Morton’s Toe, or other similar foot problems, are present in all three generations. Morton’s toe leads to excessive pressure on the second metatarsal head (behind the second toe at the ball- of-the-foot) resulting in pain similar to the discomfort associated with Metatarsalgia. The constant pressure placed on the longer second toe while walking or standing can lead to callus formation under the second metatarsal head due to this excessive pressure.

Problems  

This foot structure is known to cause and perpetuate musculoskeletal problems. Problems start with the feet and the list is long.

Foot Pain Metatarsalgia (ball-of-foot pain)
Morton’s Neuroma
Metatarsal Stress Fractures
Plantarfasciitis
Calluses
Bunion Hammer, Claw and Mallet toes

  • Lower Extremity Pain

Ankle Pain – Weak Ankles
Shin splints
Tight, Sore and Tired Calf Muscles
Knee pain
Tight IT Bands
Runner’s Knee (Chondromalacia)
Torn Meniscus
ACL Tears
Sciatica
Arthritis

  • Back and Neck

Scoliosis & Kyphosis
SI Joint Pain
Sciatica (Piriformis Syndrome)
Low-Back Pain
Upper Back and Shoulder Pain
Neck Pain (head forward posture)

Morton’s Toe impacts the whole body because it changes your posture and the way you walk and run..the second metatarsal head destablize the foot during push-off phase gait.this cause foot pronation and internal rotation of lower limb.consquently the piriforms muscle which is an external hip rotator,will contract repeadtly,during each push-off the gait cycle.it can predispose to developing piriforms syndrome.

Treatment

Proper treatment of Morton’s Toe starts with selecting proper footwear. Footwear with a high and wide toe box (toe area) is ideal for treating this condition. It may be necessary to buy footwear a half size to a size larger to accommodate the longer second toe. Orthotics that feature arch support to keep the foot aligned, and a metatarsal pad to reduce stress on the ball-of-the-foot are often recommended when treating this condition. Proper footwear combined with a effective orthotic will provide relief from pain associated with Morton’s Toe.

If you’re not comfortable showing your toes, wear socks or slippers while indoors or trainers and other closed-shoes while outdoors.Make your feet look and feel good! Just because your toe is longer, doesn’t mean it can’t be pampered! Paint your toe nails with nail polish and keep your feet clean. This will make your feet look and feel good!